World TB Day 2024 | Tuberculosis Disease | Asthma Bhawan
World TB Day 2024: Every year on March 24, we observe World Tuberculosis(TB) Day to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social, and economic consequences of TB and to increase efforts to end the global TB epidemic. The date commemorates the day in 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes Tuberculosis, paving the way for the diagnosis and treating the disease.
The theme of World TB Day 2024 is ‘Yes! We Can End TB!’- conveys a message of hope that reversing the TB epidemic is possible through high-level leadership, increased investments, faster adoption of new WHO recommendations, adoption of innovations, accelerated action, and multisectoral collaboration.
TB is still one of the deadliest infectious killers on the planet. Each day, close to 4400 people lose their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fall sick with this preventable and curable disease. Since the year 2000, global efforts to combat Tuberculosis have saved an estimated 74 million lives.
What is Tuberculosis(TB)? World Tuberculosis Day
A potentially fatal infectious bacterial disease affecting the primary lungs. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, the bacteria that cause Tuberculosis are spread. The majority of people who are infected with the bacteria that cause Tuberculosis do not have symptoms. When symptoms do appear, they are typically accompanied by a cough, weight loss, night sweats, and fever.
The three stages of TB are:
- Primary infection.
- Latent TB infection.
- Active TB disease.
How common is Tuberculosis? | World TB Day
In 2020, approximately 10 million people became ill with TB, and approximately 1.5 million died from the disease. TB was once the leading cause of death in the United States but the number of cases dropped dramatically in the 1940s and 1950s after researchers discovered treatments. According to statistics, there will be 7,860 Tuberculosis cases reported in the United States in 2021. The incidence rate in the United States is 2.4 cases per 100,000 people.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
Inactive Tuberculosis does not cause symptoms. However, they have a positive skin reaction test or blood test. There are several symptoms of Tuberculosis including:
- Pain in your chest
- cough (lasting longer than two weeks)
- Weight loss
- Fatigue or weakness
- Coughing up blood or sputum(mucus)
- Night sweats
- Loss of appetite
Causes of Tuberculosis | World TB Day
Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can occur when someone with untreated, coughs, an active form of tuberculosis, spits, sneezes, laughs, or sings. Most people with active Tuberculosis have received adequate drug treatment for at least two weeks or are no longer contagious.
Treatment of Tuberculosis
TB bacteria takes a long time to be killed off, so treatment can last for six months or longer. However, strict adherence to medication instructions is required to eliminate all bacteria and avoid drug resistance, according to the CDC. TB infection and disease are treated with these drugs:
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